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City of Melissa Texas 2015 Comprehensive Plan Update Page 1.31 Chapter 1 Existing Conditions Analysis Land Use Characteristics Providing for the orderly and efficient use of land is a major planning consideration in Melissa. The pattern of land use that exists today has evolved to accommodate the Citys past needs.. The activities of local residents create a need for various land uses as well as for the supplemental systems that support the land uses e.g. thoroughfare systems. The relationships of existing and future land uses will shape the character and quality of life of the community for many years to come. In order to accurately assess the Citys future land use needs an analysis for past land use trends and present land use patterns is of primary importance. Extraterritorial Jurisdiction The Texas Local Government Code states that cities with a population of less than 5000 people are granted an extraterritorial jurisdiction ETJ of one-half mile outside their incorporated city limits. No community can incorporate to become a city within this ETJ boundary and no other community can extend its city limits or ETJ boundary into this area. Melissa may annex any area that is within its ETJ but only if the area is contiguous with existing City limits. Melissa has exceeded 5000 in population and in accordance with the Texas Local Government Code can extend the ETJ to one mile from the city limit boundary however the Citys growth is restricted by neighboring cities ETJs. In addition Texas state law grants cities the right to enforce subdivision regulations and to require right-of- way in the ETJ according to an adopted plan. The way in which annexation subdivision regulation and right- of-way dedication in the ETJ relate to Melissa will be discussed further in later chapters of this Plan. Existing Land Use and Physical Constraints Growth and development occurring within Melissa in the future will require the conversion of vacant and agricultural land to more intensified urban uses. The conversion process and how it occurs will be very important to the City in that it is one of the factors that will determine the communitys future urban form and in turn its attractiveness and desirability. The relationships of existing and future land uses will not only have an impact upon Melissa economically but will also shape the character and livability of the community in the years to come. Likewise these relationships will be reflected in the provision of services and facilities throughout the community. An orderly and compact land use arrangement can be served more easily and efficiently than a random and scattered association of unrelated uses In order to analyze the land use trends within Melissa aerial photography supported by field verification was used to identify existing land uses in the preparation of this chapter. This survey occurred in January 2014 and each parcel of land was color-coded according to various land use types. The information obtained from the survey is used herein to create the Existing Land Use Map and discuss Melissas current land use pattern. The following section provides an overview of the different types of land uses included within the survey. The extraterritorial jurisdiction of a municipality is the unincorporated area that is contiguous to the corporate boundaries of the municipality and that is located within one mile of those boundaries in the case of a municipality with 5000 to 24999 inhabitants. Chapter 42 of the Texas Local Government Code